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What are the Different Types of Canker Sores?

Canker sores are also called aphthous stomatitis and the specific cause is not yet identified. They may look small but are actually painful lesions inside your mouth that make it hard for you to eat, drink, and talk.

Symptoms of Canker Sores

Canker sores are found inside the mouth and people suffering from it may experience or notice the following:

  • Before the sore or sores appear, the sufferer will feel a burning or tingling sensation.
  • A small round or oval shape blister that has a white or yellow center and a red surrounding or border
  • Fever, lack of energy, and swollen lymph nodes can be experienced when the canker sore is already in a serious stage.

These sores can appear under or on the top surface of the tongue, inside the cheeks or lips, on the soft palate, or on the gum tissue.

Causes of Canker Sores

Mayo Clinic states that the specific causes of canker sores are not certain, however, researchers assume that there are factors that contribute to the surge of canker sores.

Injuries caused by dental braces, over brushing, or accidental cheek bite can be the reason for canker sores to form. People who have a sensitivity to acidic fruits and vegetables and to certain chemicals found in toothpaste and mouth wash products may also suffer.

Weakened immune system, certain vitamin deficiencies, and emotional stress are also considered to be the reasons.

Types of Canker Sores

Anybody can suffer canker sores but they are mostly found among teenagers and people who are in their twenties. In the US alone, almost 20 percent of the populations suffer from these sores.

The different types of canker sores are:

1   Minor Sores

Minor sores are considered the most common and generally heal without a scar. They are normally small, may occur 3 to 4 times in a year, and last up to a week or two.

2   Major or Complex Sores

These types of sores are considered less common, may have an irregular shape, and can also leave a scar when healed. Compared to minor sores, these are bigger, deeper, and can be terribly painful. The healing period may take up to six weeks and the people susceptible to this type are those suffering from HIV/AIDS, undergoing chemotherapy, or with a very weak immune system.

Herpetiform Canker Sores

This is also uncommon and often appears in older people. Generally appears in clusters of 10 to 100 lesions that may look like one big ulcer and may heal from a week to one month period.

Canker Sores Treatment

Treating canker sores is not required because they can heal on their own. Simple house remedies like salt water in rinsing your mouth or applying ice to the sores can help. But for severe cases, medical help should be sought to address the problem properly. Medical experts are needed to diagnose why you are experiencing recurrent blisters and to give you the best advice and treatment you needed.

Although canker sores are not contagious, blisters that last for more than 2 weeks should not be ignored because it might be a sign of other health problems.